This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) seeks to support research to understand and reduce disparities in opioid care; and to determine the mechanisms for the variation in the prevalence of Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) in U.S. health disparities populations. NIMHD and the participating Institutes have a specific interest in projects that will focus on health disparities pathways, explaining opioid health outcomes by examining the impact of different determinants (biological, behavioral, socio-cultural, environmental, physical environment, health system) at multiple levels (i.e., individual, interpersonal, community, societal) on health outcomes in health disparity populations (see the NIMHD Research Framework for examples of health determinants of interest).
This initiative will support multidisciplinary research projects that examine the following: sociodemographic, cultural, economic, epidemiologic, and biological factors in opioid care specific to health disparity populations that increase the risk of OUD; the consequences of OUD; ways to improve resource availability among defined health disparity populations to reduce opioid treatment gap; and underlying mechanisms for the variation in the prevalence of OUD in health disparities populations. Research projects are encouraged to utilize rigorous innovative multi multidisciplinary approaches with integration of multiple factors that are known to be related to opioid health disparities.
Projects should include a focus on one or more NIH-designated health disparity populations in the United States, which include Blacks/African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, socioeconomically disadvantaged populations of any race, underserved rural populations, and sexual and gender minorities.
Projects should involve collaborations among relevant stakeholders in US health disparity population groups, such as researchers, community organizations, healthcare systems or clinics, clinicians, public health organizations, consumer advocacy groups, and faith-based organizations. As appropriate for the research questions posed, inclusion of key community members in the conceptualization, planning and implementation of the research is encouraged (but not required) to generate better-informed hypotheses and enhance the translation of the research results into practice.
Applications are due November 14, 2020.