When the first World AIDS Day was launched in 1988 by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations, the disease had been identified only four years prior. As TIME reported that year, of the 65,780 cases reported in the U.S. since June 1981, 37,195 of those patients had passed away. As it continued to spread, more than 1,000 protesters seized the Food and Drug Administration’s headquarters to pressure the agency to hurry up its notoriously slow drug-approval process, and patients were desperate for some sort of magic bullet — or at the very least a drug that would provide a lifeline.
But there was one medicine that did not need government approval: information.
At least that’s how experts like Jim Bunn saw things at the time. Bunn came up with the idea for World AIDS Day with Thomas Netter while they were working as public information officers for WHO. Bunn, who had previously been the nation’s first full-time television AIDS reporter, knew that knowledge about HIV and AIDS would help people protect themselves. But conveying that information was easier said than done, especially as misinformation, prejudice and fear were passed along just as quickly. The awareness day was one part of a solution to that problem.
In the walk-up to World AIDS Day, the Peabody and Emmy Award-winning journalist spoke to TIME about what it was like to track the AIDS epidemic, both as a journalist and a public health professional.
TIME: Were there any particular obstacles you encountered as a journalist, and then spokesman, on the AIDS beat in the 1980s?
BUNN: Back in that day, TV technicians were reticent, sometimes refused, to even put microphones on people with AIDS. I made a point in my stories of bringing a crew with me that had been educated about how the disease is transmitted, because I felt that it was incumbent on me to show them the utmost respect. These people were coming out at a time when the result of them being interviewed could get them fired, evicted, “out” them to their families and friends. The epidemic thrust people out of the closet because they were now sick and dying. So there was a tremendous amount of courage being displayed just by agreeing to talk to me.
How did you make the epidemic hit home for people who thought they weren’t at risk?
When I was a journalist, what we’d try to focus on, in addition to those whose stories we were telling particularly at that time, [was that] the virus is not limited to gay or bisexual men, it’s not limited to IV drug users, this is a sexually transmitted disease. One of the things we didn’t do, we didn’t talk about what [the interviewee’s] sexual preference was. We talked about what their symptoms were. We talked about what it was like to live with this disease.
Was there a particular patient who inspired you to keep working for the cause along the way?
Yes, yes. I’ll never forget Tom Wicker — who reached out to me saying he had been denied Social Security benefits because he had AIDS — or Bobby Reynolds, a very
Things have changed so much since then, and the disease is no longer a death sentence. Do we still need World AIDS Day today?
I think so, for the following reasons: About two years ago I was the keynote speaker at a World AIDS Day observance at Duke, and this fellow came up to me and said, “I want to thank you.” He was an African-American man who had been in the closet until his church had put on a World AIDS Day. Once people were responding to the religious requisite of caring for people who are sick and dying, he felt like his congregation had come far enough that he came out to this pastor.
There are still people today who are newly infected. There are people today who engage in high-risk behavior. And without the horrible experience of seeing your peers dropping dead around you, it’s not going to get your attention the way it did to those people back then.
Read more of the interview on TIME.com.
Resources for World AIDS Day 2017
- HIV.gov has World AIDS Day Resources to help you get involved, find HIV testing and other services, and learn more about the epidemic.
- Regional Resource Network Participates in World AIDS Day Observances Across the Nation (pdf)
- View a Glossary of HIV/AIDS-Related Terms/ Ver un Glosario de Términos Relacionados con el VIH/SIDA en español.
- POZ.com created a World AIDS Day collection of their articles, blog posts, essays, calendar events, and more.
- The Black AIDS Institute provides a useful blog: 10 Things to Know About HIV Suppression.
- Visual AIDS highlights Black narratives within the HIV/AIDS epidemic with Alternate Endings, Radical Beginnings.
- Read the Huffington Post article On December 1, World AIDS Day, Focus on #MyRightToHealth which discusses disparities, barriers to care, remembrances, and more.
- Watch: Transgender People Share Their Stories for World AIDS Day