News & Announcements
African Americans Who Experience Discrimination at Greater Risk for Mental Disorders
Posted: September 30, 2014
Researchers have determined that African Americans and Caribbean blacks who experience discrimination of multiple types are at substantially greater risk for a variety of mental disorders including anxiety, depression and substance abuse.
The research — co-authored by professor Christopher Salas-Wright at The University of Texas at Austin’s School of Social Work and published in the August 2014 edition of Addictive Behaviors — suggests that experiences of discrimination in the form of disrespect and condescension do not alone appear to increase risk for most mental disorders. However, hostile and character-based discrimination in combination with disrespect and condescension does seem to place African American and Caribbean black adults at considerable risk for mental health problems.
Researchers used data from the National Survey of American Life, a comprehensive survey of the mental health of black and non-Hispanic white populations in the United States funded by the National Institute of Mental Health. Findings are based on a nationally representative sample of 4,462 African American and Caribbean black respondents between 18 and 65 years of age.
The study measured the frequency of perceived discrimination of different types through questions such as “How often do you receive poorer service than others at restaurants or stores?” (disrespectful discrimination), “How often do people act as if they’re better than you are” (condescending discrimination), “How often are you viewed as dishonest?” (character-based discrimination), and “How often are you threatened or harassed?” (hostile discrimination).
The vast majority of respondents (83%) reported having experienced some type of discrimination during the past year. Half of respondents (50%) reported recurrent experiences of discrimination of all types, and approximately one-seventh (14.7%) reported frequent experiences of discrimination of all types. Members of these last two groups were significantly more likely to report symptoms for major depressive disorder, and for alcohol-use and illicit drug-use disorders.
Read more on UTexas.edu.
AHRQ Looking for Feedback on “Strategies to improve Mental Health for Children and Adolescents”
Posted: September 29, 2014
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s (AHRQ) Effective Health Care (EHC) Program is developing a systematic review on “Strategies to improve Mental Health for Children and Adolescents.” AHRQ is looking for feedback from stakeholders during the public comment periods to help them improve the relevance of their systematic reviews for healthcare decisionmaking.
The proposed Key Questions (KQs) that will guide the Systematic Review on “Strategies to improve Mental Health for Children and Adolescents” have been posted for comment on the Effective Healthcare (EHC) website. They are available for comment until October 6, 2014.
Registration Open for Tribal Youth Leadership Training
Posted: September 23, 2014
United National Indian Tribal Youth (UNITY), in collaboration with Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), will host the Today’s Native Leaders Community Service Academy on October 24–26, 2014, in Fort Lauderdale, FL. This free event will provide as many as 100 tribal youth with leadership training on designing community service projects. The Today’s Native Leaders initiative between OJJDP and UNITY will offer tribal youth leadership training over the next 3 years. Trainings will expand the number of UNITY youth councils and youth-led community service projects. Trained youth will have leadership roles at the annual national UNITY conference in Washington, DC, in the summer of 2015.
Influence in the Social Sphere and its Impact on Culture
Posted: September 22, 2014
In 2000, 23 percent of teens smoked. Thanks to nearly 15 years of hard work by the truth® youth smoking prevention campaign and other comprehensive tobacco control efforts at the federal and state levels, now only nine percent of teens do. While this is an epic step forward, the fight is far from over. Big Tobacco didn’t disappear. According to the 2014 U.S. Surgeon General’s Report on the Health Consequences of Smoking, if tobacco trends continue at the current trajectory, 5.6 million children alive today under 18 will die prematurely as a result of smoking. Tobacco companies continue to adapt their tactics and now, thanks to social media, smokers themselves have inadvertently become their best marketers – whether they recognize it or not.
Truth’s ‘Finish It’ campaign shines a light on the fact that smoking images have impact, including those of celebrities. Each smoking image can affect societal acceptance of and subsequent behavior around smoking and use of tobacco products. To draw attention to this, truth’s Finish It aired two ads, titled “Unpaid” and “Response” during the hugely popular MTV Video Music Awards broadcast – with the hope of sparking conversations around the idea that, without even knowing it, celebrities can be unpaid spokespeople for the tobacco industry.
Read more on DrugFree.org.
Tribal Members Walk to Shed Light on Suicide
Posted: September 20, 2014
Willeena George carried a poster Friday featuring a picture of her son, Domonique Nappo, as she walked with roughly 200 others in the Yakama Nation’s inaugural suicide awareness walk. Nappo took his life in 2008. He was only 16.
George shared her story of loss and pain at the public event at the Yakama Nation RV park just west of Toppenish. A lunch, balloon release and a suicide prevention workshop were the highlights as people learned to identify and respond to signs of suicide risk.
Other tribes held similar walks across the country in conjunction with National Suicide Prevention Week, which is the Monday through Sunday surrounding World Suicide Prevention Day on Sept. 10.
Katherine Saluskin, manager of the tribe’s suicide prevention program, was surprised at the turnout. “I think it’s really good that everyone is out here,” Saluskin said. “In our culture, it’s kind of taboo to talk about it.”
Read more on YakimaHerald.com.