News & Announcements
Tobacco Cessation Works: An Overview of Best Practices & State Experiences
Posted: July 25, 2011
Does Cessation Work? The Science Says YES! The report entitled Tobacco Cessation Works: An Overview of Best Practices & State Experiences, highlights findings from some of the key research undertaken on tobacco cessation and effective intervention strategies. The report discusses findings from numerous research including CDC’s Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs which details five essential components for comprehensive tobacco control programs using evidence-based analyses of state tobacco control programs:
Read the report (pdf). Access the Smoking/Tobacco Use Prevention Bibliography of Materials from MCH Library, The Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown University.
Trauma Informed Care and Violence Prevention - Recognizing Hyperarousal
Posted: July 25, 2011
The focus of this NNED Forum Call was to review basic trauma theory, provide an introduction to hyperarousal and to offer tips for practioners. The webinar explored answers to the following questions - What is hyper-arousal? What does hyper-arousal look like in a presenting patient? What are the clinical and behavioral manifestations of such? What does it look like in a young person? This was one of four webinars focusing on trauma informed care practices and interventions as a standard to hospital based and hospital linked programs in efforts of improving the effectiveness of health care based violence intervention programs.
Register for the second Transforming Violence Intervention in Health Care through Trauma-Informed Practice NNED Forum Call - "Why Can't I sleep? Why do I feel so numb?" Addressing Re-experiencing & Avoidance in Victims of Urban Trauma on August 16, 2011 1:00-2:00 pm ET.
Protecting African American Adolescents from Suicidal Behavior
Posted: July 24, 2011
In a new study entitled Suicidality and depression among African American adolescents: The role of family and peer support and community connectedness, a team of researchers from Yale and George Washington universities investigated the role of social support in preventing suicidal behavior among African American adolescents. Their work confirms the value of strengthening social supports as a way to reduce suicide risk among African American youth.
The authors were especially interested in understanding how to protect young African Americans from the consequences of depression, which can increase the risk of suicidal behavior. The research focused on family support, peer support, and community connectedness, all of which have been shown to help protect young people from suicidal behavior. The researchers found that just under 9 percent of the sample of 226 African American high school students reported clinical levels of depression. Twenty-two percent reported suicidal ideation in the past year. Slightly more than 9 percent made a suicide attempt in the past year. The research confirmed that depression is associated with both ideation and suicide attempts among African American youth. All three types of social support were found to help protect young people from depression. Family and peer support offered protection against suicidality; community connectedness offered some protection, but not as much as family and peer support did. Peer support offered some protection from suicidality for adolescents with low levels of depressive symptoms but not for those with higher levels of depression. In contrast, family support and community connectedness provided protection to adolescents with high levels of depression.
National Center for Children in Poverty Resources on Health Disparities and Adolescent Health
Posted: July 24, 2011
The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) has released three new resources on state policy choices to promote the health and well-being of children and adolescents and support them as they prepare to enter adulthood. The resources include the following:
Who Are America's Poor Children? Examining Health Disparities by Race and Ethnicity offers a short introduction to a dozen indicators (including exposure to second-hand smoke, health insurance coverage, emotional and behavioral problems and learning disabilities), explaining how each reflects one of six dimensions of health and how public policies might help to reduce relevant disparities. Intended for a generalist audience, this report summarizes and references primary research resources. All of the children included in the analysis are "poor" (poverty is defined based on the ratio of family income to the federal poverty guideline for a family with a given composition of adults and children). The report explores differences among Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic white children. Read the report (pdf).
Improving the Odds for Adolescents: State Policies that Support Adolescent Health and Well-Being highlights findings from NCCP's database about state policy choices that affect adolescents' health and well-being. While focusing on state policy choices that promote access or improve quality within key content areas (healthy development, mental health, violence and injury prevention, and adolescent development), the authors further identify four types of policies operating at the community and societal levels that influence adolescents at the individual and relationship levels: health promotion, prevention, and early intervention; services at schools; work force development (for teachers and staff at school); and law and legislation. The report provides discussion about the role of policy (its ability to support adolescent health and well-being and its limitations and implementation challenges) and the role of the database (including state profiles and online tools) in supporting effective, evidence-based policymaking. Read the report (pdf).
Juvenile Justice in the U.S.: Facts for Policymakers is a fact sheet that provides statistics of youth offenders by race and ethnicity. It discusses the mental health needs, lack of mental health services and community based alternatives to traditional residential placement facilities for achieving better outcomes with troubled youth. Read the report (pdf).
Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Teens More Likely to Smoke, Drink and Use Drugs
Posted: July 22, 2011
Gay, lesbian or bisexual high school students are more likely than heterosexual students to smoke, drink, use drugs and engage in other unhealthy behaviors, according to a survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The survey found that 15.4 percent of gay and lesbian students said they had driven a car while drinking alcohol within the last 30 days, compared with 7.8 percent of heterosexual students. Almost 28 percent of gay and lesbian students said they had smoked more than 10 cigarettes a day in the previous month, compared with 9 percent of heterosexual students. The survey found that gay, lesbian and bisexual students were also more likely than heterosexual teens to engage in sexual risk behaviors, suicidal behaviors and violence.
Researchers analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted during 2001–2009 in seven states—Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin—and six large urban school districts—Boston, Chicago, Milwaukee, New York City, San Diego, and San Francisco. The study, "Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health Risk Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9–12 in Selected Sites—Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance, United States, 2001–2009," was published as a Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Surveillance Summary.
Read the complete article on The Partnership at Drugfree.org website. Read more on the CDC website. Read the abstract of the study.